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Chimurenga war songs

Songs that won the war of liberation and poems that

Although songs and poetry are generically related, the songs from the war served a single immediate purpose of encouraging the execution of the war, while the poems allowed the poets a fair share of individual exploration of both official and unofficial perspectives of people in Chimurenga. Thus, while the songs effectively dwell on the. Slogans, songs and music that were sung and performed during the war of liberation, popularly known as the Second Chimurenga (1971-1979), instilled hope in both the liberation fighters and the masses as they gave them the strength to continue fighting until the attainment of independence During the Rhodesian War, or 2nd Chimurenga, music played an important role in the education of the masses. First through enforcement at gunpoint in the vil..

War songs and hope during the Second Chimurenga in

The all time classic that drove morale high during the second Chimurenga with main points of the revolution disciplin4 requirements There have been various versions but this seems the originalCreated with http://tovid.i

'Kudada Nekuva Munhu Mutema' Mix-Tape Feat

Chimurenga Music - YouTub

  1. We called them Chimurenga songs. (cited in Frederikse, 1990). Chimurenga music played a vital role in uniting the oppressed people behind the struggle. Song enunciated the nature of collective.
  2. ZANU is the Zimbabwe African National Union, the political wing of the Maoist faction of the majority-rule movement in Zimbabwe in the 1970s; the militant wi..
  3. The songs, war cries of the struggle clearly defined the objectives of the liberation war. The Second Chimurenga started in 1966. During that time, guerillas used to do night vigils known as 'pungwes' and these were gatherings which were meant to provide entertainment, relieve stress and it was again a platform to boost morale and.
  4. Mbuya Nehanda Kufa Vachitaura Shuwa,Kuti Tinotora.....No Amount of Political Differences Can Make One Less Zimbabwean - uploaded via http://www.mp32u.net

NZIRA DZEMASOJA - YouTub

Maruza Imi (Original Choir) - YouTub

  1. The continuing popularity of Mapfumo's Chimurenga music in Zimbabawe: an advertisement for Mapfumo's concert during the 1997 Hero's Day celebrations. Click for another example. [Added by GPL.] Where formal means of representation were closed to the people, their songs provided an outlet for their anguish and bitterness about the system
  2. The word chimurenga refers to war or the struggle against any form of tyranny, and songs that capture the sentiment of war and the longing for freedom became chimurenga music. Blacks in Zimbabwe talk of chimurenga in the singu-lar (chi+murenga), but there have actually been various (Zvi+murenga) fought on differen
  3. istration of the British South Africa Company during the late 1890s—the Second.
  4. Speaking at the handover ceremony, Minister Mutsvangwa said Chimurenga music and songs were performed for the purposes of encouragement duringthe execution of the liberation war

In Zimbabwe's liberation war, of the nineteen-sixties and seventies, the military wings of guerrillas based in Mozambique and Zambia set up choirs to sing chimurenga songs that derived from folk. The underrepresented Zimbabwean Guerilla Women's Rebellion played a key role in the country's resistance against colonialism in 1980s. Their Anti-Colonial Songs of the Second Chimurenga (Zimbabwe War of Liberation) expressed the hopes of the revolutionary resistance movements and blended old and new resistance narratives Daring escape to the battlefront. AFTER being captured by the Rhodesian forces following a fierce battle in which he lost nine of his dear comrades in read more. 0. 0 Comments 2nd Chimurenga Files

Songs that won the liberation war The Heral

Video: ZANLA FORCES WAR SONGS - YouTub

Music and the liberation struggle Celebrating Being

Chimurenga is a word in the Shona language, roughly meaning revolutionary struggle.The word's modern interpretation broadly denotes a struggle for human rights, political dignity and social justice. In specific historical terms, it also refers to the Ndebele and Shona insurrections against administration by the British South Africa Company during the late 1890s—the Second Matabele War, or. Listen to Cha Chimurenga - The war song on Spotify. Peter Schärli · Song · 1996 Listen to Chimurenga '98 by Thomas Mapfumo & The Blacks Unlimited on Apple Music. Stream songs including Chigwaya (The Bream Fish), Ndiyani Waparadza Musha (Who has Destroyed Our Home?) and more Listen to Chimurenga (The War of Liberation) on Spotify. Thomas Mapfumo And The Blacks Unlimited · Song · 1998

Genealogies of Chimurenga (Self-Liberation) Music: Re

The war of liberation gave birth to chimurenga music, a homogeneity of musical styles bound together by their use as a medium for the articulation of an anti-colonial and anti-imperialist sensibility. I contend that although national unity remains one of Zimbabwe's greatest challenges, historically through chimurenga songs,. The term chimurenga comes from the name of a legendary Shona ancestor, Murenga Sororenzou. Believed to be a huge man with a head (soro), the size of an elephant's (renzou), Murenga was well known for his fi ghting spirit and prowess, and legend has it that he composed war-songs to encourage his soldiers to continue the fight against their. Music's role during liberation struggle. MUSICIANS and their compositions played a vital role during Zimbabwe's liberation war, greatly influencing its outcome. Their lyrics inspired and spurred the masses and guerillas to achieving independence in 1980. Thirty-six years after Zimbabwe gained independence, a new breed of musicians are doing. * 'Chimurenga' is a Shona word which has its political origins in the uprisings of the 1890s as the Africans north of the Limpopo River fought to prevent white settlers from the south occupying thei landr Th. e word 'Chimu­ renga' has a number of meanings in current usag — e revolution, war, struggle or resistance. • POST : ORGANISER.

Instead, all the war songs, Dzimbo dzeChimurenga, were inspired and modelled on our African traditions. Cde Dick 'Chinx' Chingaira, himself the descendant of a gallant First Chimurenga fighting Chief, must have been inspired by our ancestral spirits to sing those inspirational Chimurenga songs Throughout the war, Chimurenga Music remained popular and stylistically diverse and designated a wider spectrum of protests and lyrics were traditional and deep. The freedom fighters themselves adopted the songs used them and dance to whip morale and educate the masses during night vigils 144 The First Chimurenga: 1896-1897 Uprising in Matabeleland and Mashonaland and Continued Conflicts in Academia Suzanne Dawson Abstract In this article, it will be argued that the First Chimurenga, or uprising in Southern Rhodesia was a complex set of struggles over land, cattle, and taxes rather than a planned, unified movement intended to overthrow the whites; neither the Africans nor the. During the Rhodesian War, or 2nd Chimurenga, music played an important role in the education of the masses. First through enforcement at gunpoint in the villages and later to the recording studio. This video is from our Winds of Change Volume 4 DVD which can be purchased a

ZANU PF Choir - Tora Gidi Uzvitonge - YouTub

The songs that won this war were not only common in the battlefield, but they were an integral part of the African communities that subscribed to the goals of the Chimurenga. It reflected a shared desire for freedom between the freedom fighters and those being fought for, the masses It is also important to note that the social life of Zimbabweans is inextricably linked to their music and dancing. Zimbabwe has a rich repertoire of songs that accompany social activities. These diverse repertoires include lullabies, children's game songs, rites of passage songs, work songs, war songs and funeral dirges, among a host of others Thomas Tafirenyika Mapfumo (born July 3, 1945) is a musician nicknamed The Lion of Zimbabwe and Mukanya (the praise name of his clan in the Shona language) for his immense popularity and for the political influence he wields through his music, including his sharp criticism of the government of former Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe.He both created and made popular Chimurenga music, and.

The war of liberation which was dubbed Chimurenga Chechipiri or the second revolution was a fulfilment of the prophesy of a great Shona spirit, Mbuya Nehanda, sister of the great Shona prophet Chaminuka. Mbuya Nehanda led the first war, Chimurenga Chekutanga against British colonial rule in Zimbabwe and was hanged in the late eighteen hundreds Songs that have been composed and sung to express political sentiments during war times or times of affliction have, in the same breath, shaped and influenced our history. World War 2 was the first major global conflict to take place in the age of electronically mass distributed music, giving an insight into how songs could be used in periods. Find Simon Chimbetu song information on AllMusic. By using this site, you consent to the use of cookies. For more information, please read our cookie policy. CLOSE [X Outside the Third chimurenga: The Challenges of Writing a National History of Zimbabwe or in Malema-style populism that has drawn on songs from the anti-apartheid struggle to evoke an essentialised Africanist identity and Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) agenda. the decision by the courts to ban a liberation war song on the grounds that. In a book dedicated to this huge ouevre, A. J. C. Pongweni (1982) hailed Chimurenga as the songs that won the liberation war. What is remarkable is that, in spite of the acknowledged long history of Zimbabwe's cultures of anticolonial resistance, analysis of Chimurenga music tends to limit its purview to the liberation war

There had to be ways of dealing with stress, ease tension as the war was progressing. Music, song, dance and drama became a common phenomenon in the war of liberation. The Second Chimurenga. The Rhodesian Bush War—also called the Second Chimurenga as well as the Zimbabwe War of Liberation —was a civil conflict from July 1964 to December 1979 in the unrecognised country of Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe-Rhodesia). The conflict pitted three forces against one another: the Rhodesian white minority-led government of Ian Smith (later the Zimbabwe-Rhodesian government of Bishop Abel. Cha Chimurenga - The war song. Peter Schärli. From the Album April Works June 1, 1996 Listen Now Buy song $0.99. Your Amazon Music account is currently associated with a different marketplace. To enjoy Prime Music, go to Your Music Library and transfer your account to Amazon.com (US)

Zanla Choir - Gwara reZanu | Doovi

Chimurenga! The Lessons of the Zimbabwe Liberation War village meetings (pungwes) at which the guerrillas explained why they were fighting, and taught nationalist slogans and songs [5], thus building a culture of resistance. THE ROAD TO LANCASTER HOUSE . The war therefore involved the creation of grassroots structures and beliefs. Youths relive war memories in song from witnessing our children today taking it upon themselves to preserve the history of our nation through reviving the Chimurenga songs as you have done, she said. Plans are underway for the recoding and release of Zimbabwe@40 music album Chimurenga - Zimbabwe Liberation Struggle Fighting Colonial Rule added a new photo to the album: Chimurenga — with Sixtien Zuma and 2 others. August 27, 2011 · Comrade Samora Machel - Very instrumental in ZImbabwe's liberation struggle The song was a hit for the Hallelujah Chicken Run band, and a crucial turning point for Mapfumo's art. The album continues with a number of chimurenga singles, war-era songs that helped to stiffen the resolve of the guerrilla fighters in the bush The word comes from the name of Murenga, an early ancestor and warrior of the Shona people. In Zimbabwe's liberation war, of the 1960s and 70s, the military wings of guerrillas based in Mozambique and Zambia set up choirs to sing Chimurenga songs that derived from folk hymns and other folk songs

Songs that oiled the liberation struggle The Heral

Sweet Chimurenga is the 14th album from Thomas Mapfumo and the Blacks Unlimited. Listen to this classic. 10 MP3 Songs. WORLD: African, WORLD: World Beat. Details: This digital download-only release is available on all CD Baby digital vendors, iTunes, Emusic, etc. Get this re-mastered Unlimited Edition at any of these fine purveyors of digital. Government draws strength and comfort from witnessing the youths taking it upon themselves to preserve the country's history including through renditions of Chimurenga songs. Information, Publicity and Broadcasting Services Minister, Monica Mutsvangwa said this yesterday during the Chimurenga Music Competition prizes handover ceremony held at. Harare — LIBERATION war singer Cde Chinx remains committed to revolutionary songs, though the war of Chimurenga ended 28 years ago. To appreciate this, one has to simply take a look at the. Youths relive war memories in song. 25 Feb from witnessing our children today taking it upon themselves to preserve the history of our nation through reviving the Chimurenga songs as you have. Chimurenga songs followed in the same vein and acted as a medium of invective aimed at the white oppressors long before the beginning of the second Chimurenga. Alec Pongweni (1982) summarizes the functions much as the hunting and war songs did in the days of old. Even more importantly, the songs had a cathartic function. They helped people.

When the land sings: Reliving Chimurenga music

Cde Chinx was very popular before and after chimurenga war when he was on top with the production of chimurenga songs that promoted zanupf propaganda. Zimwaves scores another penalty for Zimbabwe protest music. The concept of chimurenga (taken from the Shona word for struggle or outcry) underpins all of Zimbabwe culture The Chimurenga in the music is exactly the same as the Chimurenga in the revolutionary wars. Bob Marley referred to the music as freedom songs. This idea of trying to separate the notion of Chimurenga in the music from the Chimurenga in the wars is erroneous. Even Mapfumo would tell you the same In Zimbabwe's liberation war, of the 1960s and 70s, the military wings of guerrillas based in Mozambique and Zambia set up choirs to sing Chimurenga songs that derived from folk hymns and other.

Popular Songs and Social Realities in Post-Independence Zimbabwe 77 song, other political parties such as Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU), with a broad-based following among the Ndebele and some Shona people who also participated in the war, are excluded. Thus, while Zuva Ranhasi attempts to embody the national spirit of celebrating th The Shona word chimurenga generically means a war of resistance, and in Zimbabwean discourse, chimurenga describes, first, the anti-colonial resistance war of the 1890s during which the Africans used spears and rudimentary weapons to fight against British settler forces who used maxim guns, referred to as the First Chimurenga; second, the 1970s. Activity 3 1. Sing and dance Chimurenga songs for example 'Maruza Vapambepfumi', 'Mbuya Nehanda Kufa Vachitaura'. 2. Playing videos and popular songs of Chimurenga era. 3. Dramatise, in groups as freedom fighters, addressing the general people/povo about 4. Chimurenga in your act include singing and dancing. Exercise 3 1 War songs played a pivotal role during the struggle for independence in Zimbabwe. War songs provoked people's thoughts, feelings and mood to fight for the liberation of the country. Slogans, songs and music that were sung and performed during the war of liberation, popularly known as the Second Chimurenga (1971-1979), instilled hope in both the liberation fighters and the masses as they. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Chimurenga Singles - Thomas Mapfumo on AllMusic - 1984 - The early hit singles by Mapfumo and Black

Listen free to Thomas Mapfumo - Chimurenga Masterpiece (Ndozvauri, Swerengoma and more). 5 tracks (37:06). Discover more music, concerts, videos, and pictures with the largest catalogue online at Last.fm The soundscape, styles and texture of African resistance songs do not come any savvier than Mapfumo's Chimurenga music. He used a three-piece mbira ensemble as his rhythm section, which formed the core of his 'Chimurenga music', the liberation war sound

Genealogies of Chimurenga (Self-Liberation) Music: Re

Mbare Chimurenga Choir this year took the airwaves by storm with a rendition of liberation war songs in their debut album Nyatsoteera. The album received prominence in local radio stations. The songs that won this war were not only common in the battlefiel­d, but they were an integral part of the African communitie­s that subscribed to the goals of the Chimurenga. It reflected a shared desire for freedom between the freedom fighters and those being fought for, the masses Murenga Gweru, Midlands, Zimbabwe The term chimurenga comes from the name of a legendary Shona ancestor, Murenga Sororenzou. Believed to be a huge man with a head (soro), the size of an elephant's (renzou), Murenga was well known for his fi ghting spirit and prowess, and legend has it that he composed war-songs to encourage his soldiers to continue the fight against their enemies in pre. 10 Westboro Baptist Church Song Parodies production of records by artists deemed friendly or harmless to the regime and promoted political jingles called chave chimurenga (it's now war) music. One of the chief organs of Zanu PF propaganda music was the Mbare Chimurenga Choir, a 67-member group of men and women, said to be fruit and. The call is open to musicians aged between 16 and 40. Interested artists should submit a chimurenga song or remix between 30 seconds and five minutes in length. Participants should email their songs in MP3 format to chimurenga@zbc.co.zw or powerfm.instakmusic@zbc.co.zw. The submission deadline is 23 November. The prizes are as follows

Reading Zimbabwe Songs That Won the Liberation Wa

A song's appropriation by (infl uential) political and religious movements can raise it to hit position. Th is was the case with certain chimurenga songs during the liberation war. Th ey were banned from the airwaves by the Rhodesian authorities but were still being widely sung by the people.4 Th e same phenomenon was to repeat itself in post Abstract. ABSTRACT The term chimurenga comes from the name of a legendary Shona ancestor, Murenga Sororenzou. Believed to be a huge man with a head (soro) the size of an elephant ' s (renzou), Murenga was well known for his fi ghting spirit and prowess, and legend has it that he composed war-songs to encourage his soldiers to continue the fi ght against their enemies in pre-colonial Zimbabwe ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Escalation of War. The war spread throughout Rhodesia by 1977 and ZANLA forces were stationed in Mozambique and they operated in Mashonaland whilst ZIPRA were in Matebeleland and stationed in Zambia. The guerillas saw the need to be organized and be more. In African Music, Power, and Being in Colonial Zimbabwe (Indiana University Press, 2015) Mhoze Chikowero, an associate professor of history at UCSB, reveals how British colonists suppressed and co-opted African music and dance, and the role of music as Africans rose up to reclaim their independence in the Second Chimurenga (war of self.

Chimurenga! The war in Rhodesia 1965-1980 by Paul Moorcraft

The resulting songs, including the title track and 'Life In The Ghetto' sound like logical extensions of the Chimurenga Renaissance project and its mission, merging hip hop and African instrumentation into something mesmeric and true The spotlight turns to Zimbabwe's First Chimurenga resistance War in the latest African Colonial Resistance Movements entry. Fought on the Matebeleland and Mashonaland fronts against the British South Africa Company (BSAC), it represents an important chapter in Southern Africa's response to Colonialism To the war, children! Children, to the battlefield! We shall continue to send children to war. The Chimurenga song, Kugarira Nyika Yavo also debunks the notion of Rhodesia, as both a country and a nation, and in its stead maps a new nation of Zimbabwe, born of struggle, collective suffering and resilience. The following lines are apt: Hark During the Anglo-Ndebele war, the Ndebele lost so many cattle to the white settlers, for example, before the war the Ndebele had 250 000 heads of cattle but had 40 000 remaining after the war The settlers disrupted the normal economic activities of the Africans, that is, raiding for the Ndebele and the Shona trading with the Portugues Girlz with Gunz is a 27-minute, 11-song EP (vinyl/download). It is Chimurenga Renaissance's first release for Glitterbeat Records. A full-length album will follow in the autumn of 2016. Always did the greens just right. She also fought in the Second Chimurenga, the war that ended white rule in Zimbabwe. Grace was a trained killer

Maruza Imi (Original Choir) - YouTube

The Chimurenga Singles: 1976-1980, a Compilation of songs by Thomas Mapfumo. Released in 1984 on Gramma. Genres: Chimurenga Listen free to Thomas Mapfumo - Choice Chimurenga (Sweet Maria, Timothy and more). 13 tracks (79:33). songs Discover more music, concerts, videos, and pictures with the largest catalogue online at Last.fm SCORES of young local artists attended the launch Monday of a project to rework and modernise liberation war songs at the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation's Pockets Hill studios. The project, which is being spearheaded by the Institute of African Knowledge (INSTAK) in collaboration with ZBC's Power FM radio station, was launched by. He is the creator of Chimurenga (meaning struggle in Shona), a style which blends classic Shona sounds with Western rock and uses lyrics full of ambiguity and traditional proverbs. In songs like 'The Plight of the Rural People' and 'Send Your Children to War', Mapfumo sang about everyday problems like poverty and hunger as well as Zimbabweans.

Singing the second chimurenga (war of liberation) : an Afrocentric elucidation of Simon Chimbetu's selected songs. songs and folktales have been used to reconstruct people's identities. As a primary 'means of communication', music is often used to capture or record people's experiences in history. This article provides an in-depth. Such was the Zvido Zvevanhu setting that gave Sekai a chance to sing for her fellow comrades right in the midst of an ongoing and expanding war. That is the atmosphere that made her compose the much-loved Mbuya Nehanda . . .Tora Gidi Uzvitonge Chimurenga classic. It is a song that captures the urban aspect of a war enveloping the nation Chimurenga Renaissance Girlz With Gunz, released 05 February 2016 1. I See You For Who You Are 2. Our Purpose Is Forever 3. Everything Comes Off Tonight 4. I Like You The Way You Are 5. Nunya Buziniez 6. Queenz With Cannnonz 7. She Is The Fairest Of Them All 8. Prepare To Shoot 9. Peace Always Has A Price 10. When It's True Love, Shoot Farther 11

In the first half-decade after Zimbabwe won its independence, Mapfumo, like other chimurenga musicians, would sing songs like Mabasa (Let's Get Back to Work), about the need for unity in order to build the new nation. But, as the eighties turned to the nineties, the tone of his music changed The Shona word Chimurenga, which means revolutionary struggle, was derived from Sororenzou Murenga, who had led his people during the First Matabele War in 1893. From March 1896, the First.

Black September et al: Chimurenga songs as historical

On April 27 1898, the brains and power of the First Chimurenga War, Mbuya Charwe, the medium of the Nehanda spirit, and Sekuru Gumboreshumba, the medium of the Kaguvi spirit also known as Murenga, were hanged by the settler regime for daring to challenge colonial dispossession. Kaguvi was credited for being the spirit of the war CHIMURENGA songs are an important part of the intangible cultural and historical heritage of Zimbabwe's liberation struggle. The songs are performed acts that have lived beyond the real context of the war and are seen as communal property that should be archived for posterity The Second Chimurenga refers to the liberation war against Rhodesian white-minority rule which led to independence in 1980. During the second Chimurenga Mbuya Nehanda became the driving and encouraging spirit. She was praised in songs and prayers. Her last words echoed through the struggle and each sound and bang of a gun sang her words found: Work cat.: 94982520: Chigwedere, A.S. The forgotten heroes of Chimurenga I, c1991: p. 3 (The colonial chroniclers created two wars out of Chimurenga I -- the Ndebele war and the Shona war. But this is exactly what does not exist in this country. What exists is one Chimurenga originating from one source and inspired by that one source but that first broke out in Matebeleland and then. THE VICTORY OF a seemingly militant ZANU (Zimbabwe African National Union) in Zimbabwe's 1980 independence elections, following a long guerrilla war (the Chimurenga) against White colonialism, was greeted with jubilation

Chimurenga - Wikipedia

Chimurenga music Britannic

Chimurenga June 1 at 10:13 AM Honours: the wrioter and revolutionary Odile Tobner-Biyidi (co-found er of the mythical journal Peuples noirs, peuples africains) navigating the latest issue of Chronic These Chimurenga Pungwes became the heart of the revolutionary movement. They were still spiritual gatherings. Now, they included community dialogues about what kind of nation they would create when they won the war. That way, the common person knew what they were fighting for. They also had political education through dance, theater, and songs

Zimbabwe's Powerful Music of Struggle - Zimbabwe Situatio

Zimbabwe`s next upcoming chimurenga musician is 25 year old Berven Mashonganyika well known as Sekuru Berv in music industry. It was at the tender age of 12 that Mashonganyika started writing his own songs. After completing high school he went on to release his first single Tisu Takadziya (We A Hot) that was in 2008, followed by Mharapatsetsetse (Disobedient) in 2010. Another single track was. Thomas Mapfumo - Chimurenga Singles - Amazon.com Music. Skip to main content.us. CDs & Vinyl Hello, Sign in. Account & Lists Account Returns. periods of festivities, war, peace, storm and stress. During the Third Chimurenga (war for land) the rally and the gala presented themselves as the arenas to discuss and vindicate the stormy question of land repossession basing on the past. However, Taylor (1976) stresses that history cannot b Before Mapfumo, songs in the traditional style were always based on tunes that had been handed down for generations. Mapfumo's music, chimurenga (music of struggle), became popular during the civil war against white minority rule, but his popularity made the government unhappy. In 1977, he was sent to a prison camp for subversion Definition of chimurenga in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of chimurenga. What does chimurenga mean? Information and translations of chimurenga in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web

- Chimurenga Singles by Thomas Mapfumo - Amazon.com Music. Skip to main content Hello, Sign in. Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Returns & Orders. Try Prime Cart. CDs & Vinyl Go Search Hello Select. ZAPU).1 The First Chimurenga was the 1896-1897 war of resistance against the British colonial forces in which the Africans of Zimbabwe were defeated, resulting in the creation of the settler col ony, Rhodesia The term chimurenga comes from the name of a legendary Shona ancestor, Murenga Sororenzou. Believed to be a huge man with a head (soro) the size of an elephant' s (renzou), Murenga was well known for his fi ghting spirit and prowess, and legend has it that he composed war-songs to encourage his soldiers to continue the fi ght against their enemies in pre-colonial Zimbabwe This uprising, called the Second Matabele War or the First Chimurenga (liberation war), began in March 1896. Company rule in Rhodesia - Wikipedia Two walls on either side of the monument carry murals depicting the history of Zimbabwe, from pre-colonial times through the Chimurenga , the Rhodesian Bush War , and independence under national hero.