Home

# In which of the following cases the work done increases the potential energy

• Work, Power & Energy 1 Work, Power, & Energy In physics, work is done when a force acting on an object causes it to move a distance. There are several good examples of work which can be observed everyday - a person pushing a grocery cart down the aisle of
• 3. Total energy is conserved in all cases. Some fraction of the energy you put into the system in the form of work did not end up stored as potential energy. Where did it go? The energy was stored by the gravitational field and comes out as kinetic energy. 4. Comment on the efficiency of storing potential energy as the angle of incline.
• For each of the following cases, indicate whether the work done on the second object in each example will have a positive or a negative value. a. The road exerts a friction force on a speeding car skidding to a stop. b. A rope exerts a force on a bucket as the bucket is raised up a well
• Gravitational potential energy is lost as objects free-fall to the ground. The higher that an object is, the more potential energy which it will have. The unit of measurement for potential energy is the Joule. A 1-kg mass at a height of 1 meter has a potential energy of 1 Joule. A 1-kg object falls from a height of 10 m to a height of 6 m
• Work Energy Theorem The work energy theorem states K = Ki+W. where is the total work done by all forces that act on the object, and K, and Ke are the initial and final kinetic energies, respectively Part A The work energy theorem states that a force acting on a partide as moves over a Choose the best answer to fill in the blanks above: changes the energy of the particle is the force has a.

A Stan goes to work on the bus. B Anne did work on the project for 5 hours. C Joseph found that holding the banner in place was hard work. D An engine does work on a car when the car is moving. D An engine does work on a car when the car is moving. Work is done on an object. A whenever a force acts on the object To increase the momentum of the outgoing shell, the time of contact must increase. Thus the long cannon produces a larger momentum. 14) Which of the following objects has the largest kinetic energy? a. an 8-kg object moving at 2 m/s b. a 4-kg object moving at 4 m/s c. a 6-kg object moving at 2 m/s d. a 6-kg object moving at 3 m/ Q. The amount of work done depends on: answer choices. the size of the force on the object, the distance the object moves. the size of the object, the distance the object moves. the size of the force on the object, the speed of movement. the size of the force on the object, the friction acting upon the object. Tags

Ans2. (a) The potential energy is converted into the work done. Thus is the block moves from the height h to the ground, the work done is given by Negative because the work is done is in the opposite direction of the motion of the body. (b) The requirement of the third law is important in the equilibrium of the body In such situations, the total mechanical energy of the object is not changed. The external work term cancels from the above equation and mechanical energy is conserved. The previous equation is simplified to the following form: KEi + PEi = KEf + PEf. In these situations, the sum of the kinetic and potential energy is everywhere the same

NCERT Solutions Class 11 Physics Work, Energy and Power - Free PDF Download. NCERT Solutions Class 11 Physics Chapter 6 Work, Energy and Power is provided in PDF format for easy access and download. Students can get answers to the textbook questions, extra questions, exemplary problems and worksheets, which will help them to get well versed with the topics covered in this chapter In both cases, potential energy decreases as kinetic energy increases, . Work is done by a force, but since this force is conservative, we can write . The electrostatic or Coulomb force is conservative, which means that the work done on q is independent of the path taken, as we will demonstrate later

7. Rate of doing work 8. Energy possessed by a body due to virtue of its motion Down: 2. Ability to do work 3. Energy possessed by a body due to virtue of its position or configuration 5. Product of force and displacement 6. SI unit of power. Answer. Answer: Across: 1. Joule 4. Zerowork 7. Power 8. Kinetic energy. Down: 2. Energy 3. Potential. In the above situations, the energy gets stored due to the work done on the object. The energy transferred to an object is stored as potential energy if it is not used to cause a change in the velocity or speed of the object. You transfer energy when you stretch a rubber band. The energy transferred to the band is its potential energy NCERT Solution Class11 Physics Chapter-5 Work, Energy And Power. Q1 :The sign of work done by a force on a body is important to understand. State carefully if the following quantities are positive or negative: (a) work done by a man in lifting a bucket out of a well by means of a rope tied to the bucket State the energy changes in the following cases while in use: (a)Loudspeaker (b)A steam engine (c)Microphone Account for the difference in the work done by the force and the increase in potential energy of the block. Solutions: Useful work done = 40% of potential energy = 40 / 100 (mgh) = 0.4 (m × 10 × 50) = 200 m Chapter 07: Kinetic Energy and Work If we put energy into the system by doing work, this additional energy has to go somewhere. That is, the kinetic energy increases or as in next chapter, the potential energy increases. Conservation of Energy is one of Nature's fundamental laws that is not violated

2. In any closed path, the work done by a conservative force is zero. 3. The work done by a conservative is reversible. 4. A conservative force results in stored or potential energy. 5. Work and energy associated with the force can be recovered. When only conservative forces act on and within a system, the total mechanical energy is constant 7.3: Gravitational Potential Energy. 7. In Example, we calculated the final speed of a roller coaster that descended 20 m in height and had an initial speed of 5 m/s downhill. Suppose the roller coaster had had an initial speed of 5 m/s uphill instead, and it coasted uphill, stopped, and then rolled back down to a final point 20 m below the start

### Lab 5.docx - Lab#5 Work and Energy Data Table#1 Raw ..

5.3 Work-energy theorem (ESCMD) Conservative and non-conservative forces (ESCMF). In Grade 10, you saw that mechanical energy was conserved in the absence of non-conservative forces. It is important to know whether a force is an conservative force or an non-conservative force in the system, because this is related to whether the force can change an object's total mechanical energy when it does. Work and Energy Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. Question 1. When a body falls freely towards the earth, then its total energy. (a) increases. (b) decreases. (c) remains constant. (d) first increases and then decreases. Answer. Answer: (c) remains constant

### Video: Chapter 5 Flashcards Quizle

Electric potential decreases in the direction of electric field. Thus, positive work is done by the electric field on the charge. W e = -ΔU = -qΔV=q(V in - V f) Hence electrostatic potential energy of the positive charge decreases Potential Energy and Conservative Forces. Work is done by a force, and some forces, such as weight, have special characteristics. A conservative force is one, like the gravitational force, for which work done by or against it depends only on the starting and ending points of a motion and not on the path taken. We can define a potential energy (PE) for any conservative force, just as we did for.

### Work and Energy Review - with Answers #

The negative sign provides the convention that work done against a force field increases potential energy, while work done by the force field decreases potential energy. Common notations for potential energy are PE, U, V, and E p. Potential energy is the energy by virtue of an object's position relative to other objects Summary. Positive (negative) work is done by a thermodynamic system when it expands (contracts) under an external pressure. Heat is the energy transferred between two objects (or two parts of a system) because of a temperature difference. Internal energy of a thermodynamic system is its total mechanical energy Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE chapter 2 (Work, Energy and Power) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any Question 3: Name the type of energy (kinetic energy K or potential energy U) possessed in the following cases: (a) A moving cricket ball (b) A compressed spring (c) A moving bus (d) The bob of a simple pendulum at its extreme position. (e) The bob of a simple pendulum at its mean position. (f) A piece of stone places on the roof

### Solved: Work Energy Theorem The Work Energy Theorem States

• A. The work done by Earth on a ball as the ball, which was initially at rest, falls 3.0 m down towards Earth. B. A eastward force is applied to an eastward moving soccer ball that is already moving at a constant velocity to increase its speed in that direction. C
• In which of the following cases is no work done? a. A weightlifter lifts a barbell. b. A weightlifter holds a barbell overhead. c. A weightlifter slowly lowers a barbell. The elastic potential energy increases or decreases by a factor of 4. d. The elastic potential energy does not change. PEg= mgh. Physics WPE test Review from 2015.notebook.
• The work done by a force on an object to move it from point i to point f is opposite to the change in the potential energy: WU UU() f i In other words, if the work expended by the force is positive, the potential energy of the object is lowered. For example, if an apple is dropped from the branch of a tree, the forc
• 130 CHAPTER 6. WORK, KINETIC ENERGY AND POTENTIAL ENERGY 6.1.6 Conservative Forces The work done on an object by the force of gravity does not depend on the path taken to get from one position to another. The same is true for the spring force. In both cases we just need to know the initial and ﬁnal coordinates to be able to ﬁnd W, the work.
• (iii) In which of the following situations work is done? (a) A person is climbing up a stair case. (potential energy) or by virtue of its motion (kinetic energy). (a) Potential Energy as its kinetic energy increases. The kinetic energy (KE) of a moving body depends on : (i) its mass ( m ) more the mass (for same velocity) more is its.
• the work done by the electric field is -(q 0)Ed. At the same time, the electric potential energy of the system increases by (q 0)Ed. The situation is analogous to that of an object in a gravitational field. (b) If a ball is lifted against the force exerted by gravity, the gravitational potential energy of the system increases

### Physics chapter 5 Flashcards Quizle

1. Gravitational potential energy and work done. If an object is lifted, work is done against the force of gravity. When work is done energy is transferred to the object and it gains gravitational.
2. If the net work done on an object is negative, then the object's kinetic energy A) decreases. B) is zero. Consider the following ways she might throw the stone. The speed of the stone as potential energy. C) power. D) work. 'J).!)_ If the net work done on an object is positive, then the object's kinetic energy.
3. Elastic potential energy increases whether it is compressed or elongated. Because in both cases work done by external force is opposed by spring. Work is done against spring. Therefore, it's PE is increased
4. It has previously been mentioned that there is a relationship between work and mechanical energy change. Whenever work is done upon an object by an external force (or nonconservative force), there will be a change in the total mechanical energy of the object. If only internal forces are doing work (no work done by external forces), then there is no change in the total amount of mechanical energy
5. 2 Answers2. W e x t + Q ( V b − V a) = Δ K = 0. That means that W e x t = − Q ( V b − V a). So, the work done by the field has the opposite sign of the external work. If a positive charge is moved in the same direction as the electric field, or from higher to lower potential, the work done by the field will be positive
6. The volume of the gas can increase by pushing the piston partway out of the cylinder. The amount of work done is equal to the product of the force exerted on the piston times the distance the piston is moved. w = F x d. The pressure ( P) the gas exerts on the piston is equal to the force (F) with which it pushes up on the piston divided by the.
7. Above is the potential energy formula. As per the law of conservation of energy, since the work done on the object is equal to m×g×h, the energy gained by the object = m×g×h, which in this case is the potential energy E.. E of an object raised to a height h above the ground = m×g×h. It is important to note that, the gravitational energy does not depend upon the distance travelled by the.

### Qset-

1. MCQ Questions for Class 9 Science: Ch 11 Work and Energy. 1. Work done by centripetal force is. 2. When a body falls freely towards the earth, then its total energy. 3. If work is done at a faster rate, then. 4. Moon revolves around the earth due to gravitational force (F) of earth on moon
2. ∴ Work done is greater in 2 nd case. Question 6. Underline the correct alternative: (a) When a conservative force does positive work on a body, the potential energy of the body increases/decreases/remains unaltered. (b) Work done by a body against friction always results in a loss of its kinetic/ potential energy
3. Briefly describing the gravitational potential energy, deduce an expression for the gravitational potential energy of a body of mass m placed at a height h, above the ground. Answer: When an object is raised through a certain height above the ground, its energy increases. This is because the work is done on it, against gravity
4. Question.1 justify giving proper reasoning whether the work done in the following cases is positive or negative : (a) Work done by a man in lifting a bucket out of a well by means of a rope tied to the bucket. (b) Work done by gravitational force in the above case. (c) Work done by friction on a body sliding down an inclined plane
5. Work done in carrying the load in horizontal frictionless surface does not involve change in potential energy and work done by the friction is also zero. (kinetic energy K or potential energy U) possessed in the following cases: A moving cricket ball Account for the difference in the work done by the force and the increase in potential.

### Work Done Work & Energy Quiz - Quiziz

1. PhysicsLAB: Gravitational Potential Energy. Recall that work is calculated with the formula W = Fs cos θ where θ is the angle between the direction of the force and the direction of the object's motion. The work energy theorem states that the work done on an object equals the change in its kinetic energy, W = ΔKE
2. a) The change of one form of energy into another form of energy is known as transformation of energy, e.g. in a cell chemical energy is transformed into electrical energy b) a. When a ball is thrown upwards its kinetic energy gradually converts into potential energy and potential energy becomes maximum at the maximum height attained by the bal
3. This is generally true for any object raised above the ground. If all the work done on an object is used to raise the object above the ground, the amount work equals the object's gain in gravitational potential energy. However, note that because of the work done by friction, these energy-work transformations are never perfect

The potential energy due to elevated positions is called gravitational potential energy, and is evidenced by water in an elevated reservoir or kept behind a dam. If an object falls from one point to another point inside a gravitational field, the force of gravity will do positive work on the object, and the gravitational potential energy will. Hence, more work is done in the second case. Question 6. Underline the correct alternative: When a conservative force does positive work on a body, the potential energy of the body increases/decreases/remains unaltered. Work done by a body against friction always results in a loss of its kinetic/potential energy When the rocket is launched, its kinetic energy increases. Consider all of the forces acting on the rocket during the launch, and decide whether the following statement is true or false: The amount by which the kinetic energy of the rocket increases during the launch is equal to the work done by the force generated by the rockets engine

### Class 11 Physics Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) With

Final potential energy = mg × 2h = 2mgh Increase in potential energy = Final potential energy - Initial potential energy = 2mgh - mgh = mgh. Question 19: A ball of mass 50 g falls from a height of 2m and rebounds from the ground to 1.6 m. Find: (i) The potential energy possessed by the ball when initially at rest The conservation of energy formula goes Ki+Ui=Kf+Uf. U is potential energy and K is kinetic energy. In this case the golf ball at the start has zero potential energy. We are considering the surface of the moon to be the height h. The height is zero therefore, we have no initial potential energy (mgh) The work-energy principle. There is a strong connection between work and energy, in a sense that when there is a net force doing work on an object, the object's kinetic energy will change by an amount equal to the work done: Note that the work in this equation is the work done by the net force, rather than the work done by an individual force Since work done on the object is equal to mgh, an energy equal to mgh units is gained by the object. This is the potential energy (E p) of the object. ∴ E p = mgh SI unit of potential energy is the joule (J). Work, Power And Energy Class 9 Extra Questions Numericals. Question 3. A girl having a mass of 35 kg sits on a trolley of mass 5 kg

Potential energy also includes other forms. The energy stored between the plates of a charged capacitor is electrical potential energy. What is commonly known as chemical energy, the capacity of a substance to do work or to evolve heat by undergoing a change of composition, may be regarded as potential energy resulting from the mutual forces among its molecules and atoms WORK AND ENERGY chapter Section 6.1 Work Done by a Constant Force Section 6.2 The Work-Energy Theorem and Kinetic Energy 1. In which one of the following situations is zero net work done? (a) A ball rolls down an inclined plane. (b) A physics student stretches a spring. (c) A projectile falls toward the surface of Earth ### Analysis of Situations in Which Mechanical Energy is Conserve

• Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 8 ICSE chapter 4 (Energy) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any
• The work-energy theorem states For a particle, a change ∆K in the kinetic energy equals the net work W done on the particle. We know that, W = ∫ F.d r = ∫ F cosθ d r (1) where the integration is performed along the path of the particle. Also, dK/dt = d(½ m v 2)/dt = m v d v /dt = F
• In thermodynamics, work performed by a system is energy transferred by the system to its surroundings, by a mechanism through which the system can spontaneously exert macroscopic forces on its surroundings. In the surroundings, through suitable passive linkages, the work can lift a weight, for example. Energy can also transfer from the surroundings to the system; in a sign convention used in.
• 8. (a) (i) The K.E of a freely falling body increases, but its P.E. decreases such that its total energy remains constant. Hence, law of conservation of energy holds. (ii) In terms of Science, work is done if a force is applied and causes displacement. In this work, since displacement is zero, So work done is zero
• The stored energy in the compressed spring is often called elastic potential energy, as opposed to the gravitational potential energy of the raised weight. Kinetic Energy We've given above an explicit way to find the potential energy increase of a mass m when it's lifted through a height h , it's just the work done by the force that.

### NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 6 Work

The only way to make the work done negative would be to have a force (in this case from your rockets) in the opposite direction as the way you are going. but the kinetic energy increases. It. Q.2 Define energy and define its SI unit. Sol. Energy is the capacity to do work. The unit of energy of an object is joule. 1 Joule = 1N × 1m. Q.3 An archer stretches a bow to release an arrow to hit the target at a distance of 10 m. Explain who does the work,in which form is the energy possessed the bow and the arrow Work, \(w\), may come in different forms, but it too can be measured. One important form of work for chemistry is pressure-volume work done by an expanding gas. At a constant external pressure (for example, atmospheric pressure) The negative sign associated with \(PV\) work done indicates that the system loses energy when the volume increases If the volume increases at constant pressure (ΔV > 0), the work done by the system is negative, indicating that a system has lost energy by performing work on its surroundings. Conversely, if the volume decreases (Δ V < 0), the work done by the system is positive, which means that the surroundings have performed work on the system, thereby.

When a system does work on its environment, W < 0; that is, the total energy of the system decreases. Work is done by the system. When the environment does work on a system, W > 0; that is, the total energy of the system increases. Work is done on the system. Thomas Young (1773-1829) was the first to use this formula. ← Is this right October 3, 2007 q Just as with potential energy, only differencesin electric potential are meaningful. n Relative reference: choose arbitrary zero reference level for ΔU or ΔV. n Absolute reference: start with all charge infinitely far away and set U i = 0, then we have and at any point in an electric field, where W∞ is the work done by the electric field on a charged particle as tha 4.1 Work, Power, Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy relations . The concepts of work, power and energy are among the most powerful ideas in the physical sciences. The angle of twist increases with the moment. If this is the case, the total rate of work done by external forces acting on the machine is zero NCERT Exemplar Problems Class 9 Science - Work and Energy Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Question 1: When a body falls freely towards the earth, then its total energy (a) increases (b) decreases (c) remains constant (d) first increases and then decreases Answer: (c) Since, total energy of the system is always conserved, so when a [  What happens to the potential energy of the spring? Ans : The PE of the spring gets converted into KE of acid molecules whose temperature rises. Question. Justify giving proper reasoning whether the work done in the following case is positive or negative - Work done by resistive force of air on a vibrating pendulum in bringing it to rest performed net work on the system so as to increase the system's energy. Work has units of energy (e.g. J, cal, BTU). Is work a state function? Provide two examples of a system undergoing work interactions with its surroundings. Rates vs Amounts Chemical processes use process streams to transport material from one point to another

### Electric Potential Energy - University Physics Volume

• 5.23 Identify the force present and explain whether work is being performed in the following cases: (a) You lift a pencil off the top of a desk. (b) A spring is compressed to half its normal length. 5.24 Identify the force present and explain whether work is done when (a) a positively charged particle moves in a circle at a fixed distance from.
• II. Work-Kinetic Energy Theorem K K f K i W (7.4) Change in the kinetic energy of the particle = Net work done on the particle III. Work done by a constant force - Gravitational force: W F d mgdcos (7.5) Rising object: W= mgd cos180º = -mgd F g transfers mgd energy from the object's kinetic energy
• The work energy theorem states that the total work done of a system is equal to its change in kinetic energy. Chapter 20 Electric Potential and Electrical Potential Energy Q.100GP IP (a) One of the — Q charges in Figure 20-26 is given an outward kick that sends it off with an initial speed V0 wIn le the other three charges are held at rest
• In this case, the potential energy (increases, decreases) and the electric potential (increases, decreases). more information is needed to answer this question decreases, decreases decreases, increases increases, decreases increases, increases Consider the diagram below which shows an electric field and two points A and B located within the field
• The kinetic energy of the block increases by 20 J in 1 s. (a) The tension in the string is Mg. (b) The tension in the string is F. (c) The work one by the tension on the block is 20 J in the above 1 s. (d) The work done by the force of gravity is −20 J in the above 1 s. Answer: (b) The tension in the string is F
• e work done
• Potential energy and kinetic energy are both measured in joules (J), named after the English mathematician, James Prescott Joule. But they have different formulas with respect to their different attributes. Potential energy depends on the force acting on the two objects, so its formula is:  Potential Energy = mg

### MCQ Questions for Class 9 Science Chapter 11 Work and

When a body falls freely towards the earth, then its total energy. 3. When a body like earth is moving in a circular path the work done in that case is zero because: 4. A car is accelerated on a leveled road and attains a velocity 4 times of its initial velocity. In this process, the kinetic energy of the car. 5 Energy can, however, be transformed, between forms. The primary forms of energy that skaters experience in the half pipe are potential energy and kinetic energy. Potential energy is stored energy that is related to height. When skaters are at the tops of the ramps, they have the highest amount of potential energy

The system's energy can change by transferring heat or work (or both) between the system and its surroundings. If positive work is applied, the system gains energy. The first law of thermodynamics postulates that the increase in internal energy is equal to the total heat added plus the work done by the environment. If it is an isolated system. So, Work done is 0. Work Done when Force Acts opposite to Direction of Motion. When force acts opposite to direction of motion. Angle made between direction of force and direction of motion is 180 degree. In this case, Work = Force × Distance × cos θ. Work = Force × Distance × cos 180. Since cos 180 degree = 0

Work done by rope in jumping of soldier from one point to another is an example of : (a) Negative work (b) Positive work (c) Zero work done (d) None of the above Answer. (c) Zero work done Question 4. Which of the following does not have unit as Joule? (a) Work done (b) Kinetic energy (c) Potential energy (d) Force Answer. (d) Force Question 5 The work done on a single trip is then: Wsingletrip = jF~jdcosµ = ( 310 N)¢( 4.8 m)cos(0-) Wsingletrip = 1.49 kJ So the total work done is just the sum of the two single trips. Wtotal = 2WSingletrip = 2.98 kJ (c) If the work done by Justin is not equal to the change in gravitational potential energy of the desk, then where has the energy gone

The potential energy (E p) is equal to the work done over an object of mass 'm' to raise it by a height 'h'. Thus, E p = mgh , where g = acceleration due to gravity. Law of Conservation of. Energy = Work = f ⋅ s If the force does not changes. ( s = distance of the straight line where the force f acts ) Now remember that the weight of an object does not change at the surface of the earth. Think that you lift up an object with the mass.. Example 10.1 Work done in pushing a crate (cont.) PREPARE We begin with the before-and-after visual overview in FIGURE 10.6. Sarah pushes with a constant force in the direction of the crate's motion, so we can use Equation 10.5 to find the work done. SOLVE The work done by Sarah is W = Fd = (70 N)(3.0 m) = 210 The work done on this object is that due to the force of gravity, which we recall is the object's weight, multiplied by the distance covered: One defines the gravitational potential energy of the object as for which we then have The total energy in this case is the sum of the kinetic and gravitational potential energy, and is conserved

Work done is equal to the product of the force and displacement. W = F × s. Q3. Define 1 J of work. Ans. 1 Joule of work is said to be done when force of 1 Newton acts on a by and shows displacement of 1 metre. Q4. A pair of bullocks exerts a force of 140 N on a plough. The field being ploughed is 15 m long The Work Energy Principle is one of the big ideas in introductory physics courses. It's so big that the textbook presentation can get a little confusing - but it doesn't have to be that way Chapter 6. Work and Energy. Work : Work (W) is the product of a parallel force and a distance. W = F ll x.F ll denotes the component of force F that is parallel to displacement, x. Work may also be defined as the product of a force and a parallel distance.. The SI unit for work is Nm called Joule, and the American unit is lb-ft.. If the direction of F is parallel to that of x, the work. ### Work and Energy Mechanics CBSE Class 9 ekShiksh

• The Work Done by an Applied Force. Now. suppose that we displace the block along the X axis while continuing 10 apply a force Fa to it. During the displacement, our applied force does work on the block while the spring force does work , the change in the kinetic energy of the block due to energy transfers
• As per the first law of thermodynamics, ΔU = ΔQ +ΔW. where they are increase in internal energy, heat flow to the system and work done on the system respectively. If we melt ice at 0C, we have to supply heat to the system, so Q is positive. My initial thought on change in internal energy would have been that, as we melt a solid to liquid.
• Problem 93. We usually ignore the kinetic energy of the moving coils of a spring, but let's try to get a reasonable approximation to this. Consider a spring of mass M, equilibrium length L 0, and force constant k. The work done to stretch or compress the spring by a distance L is 1 2 k X 2, where X = L − L 0  In all cases, energy comes from one store and is transferred to another store. into kinetic energy as some work is done pushing against the air particles. Some of the gravitational potential. Insight: The work done by the spring is negative whenever you displace the block away from x = 0, but it is positive when the displacement vector points toward x = 0.. Introduction to Potential Energy . The work energy theorem: WKtotal f i=−K i A) A force acting on a particle over a distance changes the kinetic energy of the particle. B) To calculate the change energy, you must know the. Potential Energy Function. If a force acting on an object is a function of position only, it is said to be a conservative force, and it can be represented by a potential energy function which for a one-dimensional case satisfies the derivative condition. The integral form of this relationship is. which can be taken as a definition of potential energy.Note that there is an arbitrary constant of. Activity 11.15 An object of mass 20 kg is dropped from a height of 4 m. Fill in the blanks in the following table by computing the potential energy and kinetic energy in each case. Take g = 10 m/s2Mass of the object = m = 20 kgAcceleration due to gravity = g = 10 m/s2At Height = 4 A. the ﬁeld does positive work on it and the potential energy increases. B. the ﬁeld does positive work on it and the potential energy decreases. C. the ﬁeld does negative work on it and the potential energy increases. D. the ﬁeld does negative work on it and the potential energy decreases. Q23.1 +q r E Motion r